One of the scariest things about an earthquake is that it can happen without notice. The United States Geological Survey is unable to alert people about an imminent earthquake until a few minutes before it occurs. Therefore, you will only have a short time to shelter and prepare for the shaking.
The first step to prepare is to determine where you are in your home or building before an earthquake occurs and decide what to do if the shaking starts. Take steps to prevent items from falling during shaking by identifying potential hazards.
You can make a checklist of all your belongings, and then identify the best places to store them until the shaking stops. Keep flammable liquids like paints, pesticides and cleaning products in closed cabinets or on lower shelves.
Next, examine your house to find out what is likely to fall and how heavy furniture is. Finally, secure any items that are not in use. This includes water heaters and major appliances, as well as tall, heavy items that may fall, such as mirrors or picture frames.
Make sure your roof and foundation are secure. Bolted homes can be safer and help prevent structural damage.
You should ensure that all floors in high-rise buildings are supported by strong foundations and secured to wall studs. A building's foundation could collapse in an earthquake if it is not solid.
You shouldn't move to another area or attempt to leave the building unless the shaking stops and it is safe. The electricity may be out, and sprinkler systems or fire alarms may go off in the building.
When shaking happens, keep your head close to the middle of the room and stand in front of an interior wall or through a doorway. If you can't find a place to get under a table or desk, crawl to an inside corner of the room and cover your head and neck with your arms.
Continue to "Drop Cover and Hold On" until you hear the shaking stop. This means that you should DROP to the floor, cover your neck and head with your arms, and then HOLD ON to a solid piece of furniture such as a desk or table.
You can then either sit, lay down, or lie on the floor. Keep out of windows, glass, and outside doors, which could crack. If the ceiling is high enough, and there aren’t heavy, unsecured items nearby you can crawl up to an interior walls.
When the shaking stops, find a location where you can get out of the building and into an open area away from trees, buildings and power lines. If you are in your vehicle, pull to one side and stop.
You should ensure your apartment or condo is stable. Also, secure any major appliances and water heaters to wall studs. If these large appliances are not attached to the walls or on top an existing floor slab, they could cause serious injury during a severe earthquake.
When you live off the land, the most important thing to learn is how to light a fire. You don't just need to light a match, you also need to know how friction and flint can be used to create a fire. You must also know how to not get burned by the flames.
You'll need to know how to build shelter from natural materials, such as trees, grasses, leaves, etc. To stay warm at nights, you will need knowledge about how to best utilize these materials. You will also need to understand how much water you are able to drink to stay alive.
Other Survival Skills
Other things will help you stay alive, but they aren't as vital as knowing how to light a fire. For example, you can eat many different kinds of plants and animals, but if you don't know how to light a fire, you won't be able to cook them.
You will also need to know where and how to find food, including edible animals. You may become sick or die if this is not known.
Staying calm is the best way to survive. If you panic, you'll make mistakes and die.
Calmness and patience will serve you well in most situations. It's easy, especially in a survival situation where you are isolated from civilization, to panic. But being calm and patient will enable you to cope with any circumstance.
It is important to remember that it is impossible to change the outcome. You only have control of how you react. In this way, you can still feel good about yourself even though you didn't accomplish everything you wanted to.
You must be calm and collected when you're in a survival situation. You must be mentally and physically prepared.
Mental preparation is about setting realistic expectations for yourself and setting clear goals.
Physical preparation refers to making sure you have enough water and food until rescue personnel arrive.
You can now relax and enjoy the experience once you have done these two things.
It may not be possible to have food and water at all times, but being prepared can help you live longer.
You must learn how to take care of yourself and others. You won't survive in a crisis if this is not something you know.
If you're going into the wilderness, you will need to be able to build shelters, make fires, and find food.
These are all essential skills that everyone should know. These skills will allow you to be safe and healthy on your camping trip.
Although a compass does not tell you where you're going, it can help you get back to your home in case you lose your bearings.
Three different ways you can navigate are available:
Landmarks can be objects you recognize as soon as you see them. They are trees, buildings or rivers. They are useful as they can be used to show you where you are.
Magnetic North simply refers to the direction that the Earth's magnet field points. If you look up at a skyline, you will notice that the sun seems to be moving across it. However, the earth's magnet field causes the sun to move about the earth. The sun appears to move across the sky but it actually moves around the horizon. The sun is directly overhead at noon. At midnight, the sun is directly below you. The magnetic field of the earth is constantly changing. This means that the exact direction and orientation of the North pole magnetically changes each day. This means that your course could drift a lot in a single day.
Stars are another method for navigating. Stars appear to rise and set over the horizon. These are points in space you can use to find your exact location relative to other locations.
Survival skills are essential for survival. They include the ability to build shelter, protect yourself from danger, and hunt, fish, as well as how to catch food. These skills are essential no matter where we live, but they become even more critical when traveling alone or in remote areas.
Survival skills also include things like first aid, self-defense, navigation, communication, and wilderness medicine. They are essential life-saving tools that should always be available before venturing into unknown territory.
These skills are not the only ones you should have. There are many valuable skills that can be useful when you're away from home. You might want to learn techniques for climbing mountains if you're planning on going on vacation. Or, if camping in the desert is your plan, learn how you can survive in extreme temperatures. There are many different ways to prepare yourself for any situation.
Shelter building is a crucial skill in emergency situations. There are two types. The temporary shelter is called a tent and the permanent shelter is called a house. Both shelters require basic tools like nails, picks, hammers and saws. However, the material they use will vary. Temporary shelters usually consist of leaves, sticks, and grasses. However, permanent shelters may be made out of metal, wood, concrete, bricks, or stone. The right option for you depends on your situation, climate, availability of resources, and other factors.
Natural materials include bamboo, reeds (or palm fronds), bark, grasses and branches, as well as natural materials such a bamboo, reeds, vines and twigs. have been used for centuries to make temporary shelters. They are lightweight and easy-to-build, but do not provide long-term protection. These structures provide protection from insects and extreme weather conditions. Permanent structures have superior insulation properties, last longer, and are stronger. It is also more difficult to build.
These shelters must be practical and attractive. They should also be cost-effective, secure, aesthetic, and environmentally responsible. Bamboo is light and strong, which makes it a good choice. However, bamboo requires skilled labor and can be expensive. Although reeds are inexpensive, they do not withstand strong winds. Palm fronds are sturdy but can be easily ripped and broken. Bark is difficult to work with, but it provides fire resistance and insulation. Grasses are affordable but don't keep out rainwater. Vines are flexible and light, but they may crack if they aren't tightly connected. Branch are strong and long-lasting, but they are susceptible to rot. Stone is heavy and expensive, but it's hard and resists water damage. Concrete is durable but difficult to transport and install. Brick is strong but takes up a lot of space and is very heavy. Wood lasts long but needs maintenance and care. Metal requires expensive power tools.
The location of the construction site and the availability of local tools, regulations and climatic conditions will all influence the choice of material. Bamboo is most popular in tropical places where it grows naturally. Bamboo grows quickly and requires no special tools. However, it is weak when wet and cannot withstand strong wind. Although grass is strong and long-lasting, it can be difficult to erect. Although palms can be tough and resilient, they tend to get messy very quickly. The bark is cheap, light, and easy to cut. The bark is resistant to moisture and dust, but it can be easily damaged and brittle. Stones are durable and resistant to weather extremes. Concrete is strong and versatile, but requires heavy power tools. Metal is strong, but requires lots of power tools. Wood is durable and relatively inexpensive. Steel is more durable, but it's also more expensive.